Jennie Baines (1866-1951)

Sarah Jane (Jennie) Baines (1866-1951) was a radical feminist and socialist who was a significant force in the anti-conscription movement ...
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The conscription debate and the Old Treasury Building

The Old Treasury Building played a small but significant role in the turmoil surrounding conscription. From Federation in 1901 until ...
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Cecilia Annie John (1877-1955)

Cecilia Annie John was a singer who campaigned actively against conscription during World War I. With Vida Goldstein she helped ...
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Adela Pankhurst (Walsh) (1885-1961) and the conscription debate

Adela Pankhurst was born in 1885, the third daughter of the famous English suffrage campaigner Emmeline Pankhurst and Richard Pankhurst, ...
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Claude Marquet (1869-1920)

Claude Marquet was a self-taught black and white artist, who grew up in Moonta South Australia. He worked in the ...
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Hughes, William Morris (Billy) (1862-1952)

William Morris (Billy) Hughes, was Federal Attorney General, then Prime Minister of Australia from 1915-1923. He was a strong advocate ...
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Daniel Mannix (1864-1963)

Daniel Mannix, Catholic archbishop of Melbourne was a controversial figure during World War I. Although he took little part in the ...
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Vida Goldstein (1869 – 1949)

Vida Goldstein was a tireless and charismatic campaigner for women’s equality, universal suffrage and equal pay. In 1903 she became ...
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A Nation Divided: the Great War and Conscription

In 1916 and 1917, during the darkest days of the Great War, two referendums were held asking Australians to decide ...
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The Corporation Arch, one of the federation arches from Melbourne's celebration of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Federation Arches

In the closing decades of the nineteenth century the six independent colonies in Australia began to consider joining together to create ...
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